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Horizon Europe

Horizon Europe is the main Research and Innovation Funding Programme of the European Commission.

Horizon 2020

Horizon 2020 is the previous Funding Programme. There are no longer calls, but projects can run until 2024.

Digital Europe

Digital Europe is a Funding Programme focused on bringing digital technology to businesses, citizens and administrations.

Other EU Funding

There are many other relevant EU funding programmes, managed by several agencies and directorates.


Internally invoiced goods and services in Horizon Europe

Rules have changed in Horizon Europe - now based on unit costs according to usual accounting practices , and through cost divers. Practical details are listed.

Programmes HorizonEU L+F  

Published on | 1 year ago

Last updated on | 1 year ago

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Ann Van Hauwaert

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Costs for goods and services which are produced or provided within the beneficiary’s organisation directly for the action on the basis of its usual cost accounting practices


  • Self-produced consumables
  • Specialised premises for hosting research specimens (eg. Animal house)
  • Standardised testing of research processes
  • Use of specific research device/facility
  • In-house catering and housing for researchers

In Horizon 2020

  • Unit costs
  • All in average costs but WITHOUT inclusion of indirect costs in the unit costs
  • No profit
  • Personnel cost: calculation of hourly rates according to the MGA principles
  • Pro-rate depreciation costs for the relevant reporting period
  • Under “other direct costs”

AMGA H2020 (from 27.02.2017 onwards)– art. 6.2.D.5 (in version 5.2-26 June 2019 – page 101)

Horizon Europe


  • Unit costs according to usual cost accounting practices of the beneficiaries, and consistently used by the beneficiary regardless of the source of funding
  • Attributed by direct measurement or on the basis of cost drivers
  • Costs used for the action


  • Needed: well documented methodology for using allocation keys based on the organisation’s usual cost accounting practices, direct and indirect costs
  • Indirect costs can be included in the unit cost and can be different than 25% as is the rate in Horizon Europe, but is based on usual accounting practices. So no flat rate can be used. It is allowed to include actual indirect costs determined via allocation keys within the internal invoices, if that is the usual cost accounting practice. The allocation per key driver must be by cost item.
  • This budget will not be included to calculate the 25% for indirect costs of the project
  • Not applicable to projects requesting transnational access and virtual access to research infrastructure unit costs
  • If catering used as part of eg. Cost of visiting professor, then can be a cost driver (also catering costs from externals through invoices)
  • Cleaning cannot be an internal invoiced cost itself (it is not directly used in the action), but can be cost driver in Costs for an animal housing facility
  • In budget table item D.2
  • In proposal part B - Section 3.1 (Work Plan and resources)-table3.1i (part of other cost categories)
  • Examples of eligible costs as part of the unit cost: AMGA HEU – article 6.2.D.2, page 78 (version pre-draft – 23.07.2021)

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image of ERC grants awarded to professor Inez Germeys

ERC grants awarded to professor Inez Germeys

Professor Inez Germeys leads the Center for Contextual Psychiatry at KU Leuven, which is a large multi-disciplinary research group focusing on the interaction between the person and the environment in the development of psychopathology. She has received a European Research Council (ERC) Consolidator grant (INTERACT) and Proof of Concept grant (IMPACT). With these grants professor Germeys and her team researched a new mobile self-management therapy for patients with a psychotic disorder. The Acceptance and Commitment Therapy in Daily Life (ACT-DL) was further developed for the clinical environment. In line with that the Horizon 2020 IMMERSE project aims to thoroughly evaluate strategies, processes, and outcomes of implementing a digital mobile mental health solution.

Read the full article for details  or Check out the other testimonials